New Brunswick


New Brunswick (French: Nouveau-Brunswick) is one of four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada. According to its Official Languages Act as confirmed in the Constitution of Canada, New Brunswick has two official languages, English and French, and New Brunswickers have the right to receive provincial government services in the official language of their choice.About two thirds of the population declare themselves anglophones, one third francophones, and one-third bilingual. Atypically for Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas, mostly in Greater Moncton; Greater Saint John; and the capital, Fredericton.
Unlike the other Maritime provinces, New Brunswick's terrain is mostly forested uplands, and much of the land is further from the coast, which gives it a harsher climate. New Brunswick is 83% forested and is less densely populated than the rest of the Maritimes.
New Brunswick was among the first places in North America to be explored and settled by Europeans. In 1784, after an influx of refugees from the American Revolutionary War settled in the area, the province was founded on territory from the partition of Nova Scotia. In 1785 Saint John became the first incorporated city in what is now Canada. The province prospered in the early 1800s and the population grew rapidly, reaching about a quarter of a million by mid-century. In 1867, New Brunswick was one of four founding provinces of Canada, along with Nova Scotia and the Province of Canada (now Ontario, and Quebec).
After Confederation, wooden shipbuilding and lumbering declined, and protectionism disrupted trade ties with New England. The mid-1900s found New Brunswick to be one of the poorest regions of Canada, which was now mitigated by Canadian transfer payments and improved support for rural areas. As of 2002, the provincial gross domestic product was derived as follows: services (about half being government services and public administration) 43%; construction, manufacturing, and utilities 24%; real estate rental 12%; wholesale and retail 11%; agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting, mining, oil and gas extraction 5%; transportation and warehousing 5%.Tourism accounts for about 9% of the labour force directly or indirectly. Popular destinations include Fundy National Park and the Hopewell Rocks, Kouchibouguac National Park, and Roosevelt Campobello International Park. In 2013, 64 cruise ships called at Port of Saint John, carrying, on average, 2,600 passengers each.


Wikipedia, Blueballoon


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