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Masjed Soleyman (Persian: مسجد سلیمان, Old Persian: parsumash, Persian: پارسوماش) also Romanized as Masjedsoleimān, Masjed-e Soleymān, Masjed Soleiman, and Masjid-i-Sulaiman) is a city and capital of Masjed Soleyman County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 206,121, in 51,530 families. Masjed Soleiman is a historical city dating back to Achaemenid Empire. This city is a affluent region in terms of oil and gas reservoirs, Vicinity to Karoon River and spectacular sceneries.
On 26 May 1908, the first oil wellbore reached the underground oil reservoir in Naphton Neigborhood. This oil discovery completely changed the economic and social life of Iran and Middle East. From the wellbore, 36,000 liters of oil were extracted daily. Afterwards, During the following decades, over 300 oil wellbores were drilled and completed in this field in order to exploit its reservoirs. Becoming as the first industrial city of Iran, it has played a vital role in Iran economy, industry and modernization.