Lower Saxony

Description

Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen [ˈniːdɐzaksn̩] (listen); Low German: Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany. It is the second-largest state by land area, with 47,624 km2 (18,388 sq mi), and fourth-largest in population (7.9 million) among the 16 Länder federated as the Federal Republic of Germany. In rural areas, Northern Low Saxon (a dialect of Low German) and Saterland Frisian (a variety of the Frisian language) are still spoken, but the number of speakers is declining.
Lower Saxony borders on (from north and clockwise) the North Sea, the states of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia, and the Netherlands (Drenthe, Groningen and Overijssel). Furthermore, the state of Bremen forms two enclaves within Lower Saxony, one being the city of Bremen, the other, its seaport city of Bremerhaven. In fact, Lower Saxony borders more neighbours than any other single Bundesland. The state's principal cities include the state capital Hanover, Braunschweig (Brunswick), Lüneburg, Osnabrück, Oldenburg, Hildesheim, Wolfenbüttel, Wolfsburg, and Göttingen.
The northwestern area of Lower Saxony, which lies on the coast of the North Sea, is called East Frisia and the seven East Frisian Islands offshore are popular with tourists. In the extreme west of Lower Saxony is the Emsland, an economically emerging but rather sparsely populated area, once dominated by inaccessible swamps. The northern half of Lower Saxony, also known as the North German Plains, is almost invariably flat except for the gentle hills around the Bremen geestland. Towards the south and southwest lie the northern parts of the German Central Uplands: the Weser Uplands and the Harz mountains. Between these two lie the Lower Saxon Hills, a range of low ridges. Thus, Lower Saxony is the only Bundesland that encompasses both maritime and mountainous areas.
Lower Saxony's major cities and economic centres are mainly situated in its central and southern parts, namely Hanover, Braunschweig, Osnabrück, Wolfsburg, Salzgitter, Hildesheim, and Göttingen. Oldenburg, near the northwestern coastline, is another economic centre. The region in the northeast is called the Lüneburg Heath (Lüneburger Heide), the largest heathland area of Germany and in medieval times wealthy due to salt mining and salt trade, as well as to a lesser degree the exploitation of its peat bogs until about the 1960s. To the north, the Elbe River separates Lower Saxony from Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and Brandenburg. The banks just south of the Elbe are known as Altes Land (Old Country). Due to its gentle local climate and fertile soil, it is the state's largest area of fruit farming, its chief produce being apples.
Most of the state's territory was part of the historic Kingdom of Hanover; the state of Lower Saxony has adopted the coat of arms and other symbols of the former kingdom. It was created by the merger of the State of Hanover with three smaller states on 1 November 1946.

Reference

Wikipedia, Blueballoon

Author

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Bergen

Damme

Göttingen

Alfeld

Walsrode

Clausthal-Zellerfeld

Buxtehude

Brake

Leer

Celle

Hitzacker

Syke

Nordhorn

Rotenburg an der Wümme

Sachsenhagen

Sarstedt

Dannenberg (Elbe)

Diepholz

Springe

Stade

Stadthagen

Stadtoldendorf

Sulingen

Bad Nenndorf

Uslar

Varel

Visselhövede

Weener

Werlte

Bad Pyrmont

Winsen

Wittingen

Wolfenbüttel

Wunstorf

Wustrow

Eschershausen

Geestland

Gehrden

Georgsmarienhütte

Bassum

Gronau (Leine)

Hamelin

Hanover

Hardegsen

Haren

Haselünne

Hemmingen

Hemmoor

Holzminden

Langelsheim

Lehrte

Lingen

Lüneburg

Melle

Meppen

Moringen

Nienburg/Weser

Bremervörde

Brunswick

Cloppenburg

Burgdorf

Osnabrück

Osterholz-Scharmbeck

Osterode am Harz

Otterndorf

Burgwedel

Bückeburg

Bad Lauterberg im Harz

Delmenhorst

Schneverdingen

Bramsche

Twistringen

Herzberg am Harz

Hessisch Oldendorf

Bersenbrück

Vechta

Verden (Aller)

Dassel

Soltau

Cuxhaven

Bad Iburg

Westerstede

Jever

Wildeshausen

Wilhelmshaven

Königslutter am Elm

Laatzen

Wittmund

Braunlage

Wolfsburg

Langenhagen

Schortens

Duderstadt

Einbeck

Elsfleth

Bad Bentheim

Emden

Schnackenburg

Esens, Lower Saxony

Freren

Bad Fallingbostel

Aurich

Bad Harzburg

Quakenbrück

Lohne

Löningen

Gifhorn

Bodenwerder

Rodenberg

Seesen

Papenburg

Hann. Münden

Obernkirchen

Oldenburg

Munster, Lower Saxony

Zeven

Bad Bevensen

Bad Gandersheim

Bad Münder am Deister

Bad Sachsa

Bad Salzdetfurth

Baltrum

Barsinghausen

Bockenem

Borkum

Dinklage

Dissen am Teutoburger Wald

Dransfeld

Elze

Friesoythe

Fürstenau

Garbsen

Goslar

Helmstedt

Hildesheim

Hoya

Lüchow

Neuenhaus

Neuenkirchen-Vörden

Neustadt am Rübenberge

Norden

Nordenham

Norderney

Northeim

Pattensen

Peine

Rehburg-Loccum

Rethem (Aller)

Rhede (Ems)

Rinteln

Ronnenberg

Salzgitter

Schöningen

Schöppenstedt

Schüttorf

Seelze

Sehnde

Uelzen

Wiesmoor

Achim

Weather & location

light rain

3.91 °C

2.1 meter/sec, 64°

92%

overcast clouds

4.46 °C

1.85 meter/sec, 51°

91%

overcast clouds

4.82 °C

2.07 meter/sec, 51°

91%

overcast clouds

4.87 °C

2.28 meter/sec, 45°

92%

overcast clouds

4.59 °C

2.18 meter/sec, 50°

91%

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