Kokshetau, Kökshetaū (meaning Blue Mountain in Kazakh, Kazakh: Көкшетау, romanized: Kókshetaý; [køkɕetɑw] (listen), Russian: Кокшета́у, pronounced [kokʂɪˈtaʊ]), formerly known as Kokchetav (Russian: Кокчета́в, IPA: [koktɕɪˈtav]) (1827–1993), is a city in northern Kazakhstan and the capital of Akmola Region, lying in the north of Kokshetau hills, on the southern shores of Lake Kopa and the southern edge of the Esil (Ishim) Steppe. It is also situated at the junction of the Trans-Kazakhstan and South Siberian railways. Kokshetau lies at an elevation of approximately 234 m (768 ft) above sea level.
It has 146,104 inhabitants (2020 estimate), up from 123,389 (1999 census), while Akmola Region had a total population of 738,587 (2019 estimate), down from 1,061,820 (1989 census), making it the tenth most populous region in Kazakshtan. Kokshetau retains multiethnic population, with 58% ethnic Kazakhs (up from 36%), the rest being mostly 29% ethnic Russians (down from 42%) and other ethnic groups such as Ukrainian, Tatars and Germans.
The city is considered to have been founded in 1824, while it was granted city status in 1862. It is well known for its nature and tourist sites, such as Burabay and Zerenda, among others. Kokshetau is about 185 kilometres (115 mi) from Petropavl, 300 kilometres (190 mi) northwest of the national capital Nur-Sultan, 318 kilometres (198 mi) from Omsk, Russia, and 384 kilometres (239 mi) from Kostanay. The city is served by Kokshetau Airport.


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