Kingdom of Denmark

Description

The Danish Realm or the Realm of Denmark (Danish: Danmarks Rige, Faroese: Danmarkar Ríki, Greenlandic: Danmarkip Naalagaaffia) consists of Denmark proper and its two autonomous territories: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Together they are organized in the sovereign state the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark). The relationship between the three parts of the Kingdom is commonly known as The unity of the Realm (Danish: Rigsfællesskabet, Faroese: ríkisfelagsskapurin, Greenlandic: naalagaaffeqatigiit).
The Realm of Denmark is not a federation; it is a collection of a state and territories united under its monarch. The Kingdom of Denmark is a unitary sovereign state. It has two Arctic territorial claims (Hans Island and the North Pole (Lomonosov Ridge, Gakkel Ridge, Alpha-Mendeleev Ridge complex and the Chukchi Borderland) in the Arctic Ocean). Constitutionally, the Kingdom of Denmark encompass the realm, but the Faroe Islands and Greenland have an extended degree of autonomy to govern their relations.
The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been under the Crown of Denmark since 1397 (de facto) when the Kalmar Union was ratified, and part of the Danish Realm since 1814 (de jure). However, due to their separate historical and cultural identities, these parts of the Realm now have an extensive degree of self-government and have assumed legislative and administrative responsibility in a substantial number of fields.Legal matters in the Realm are subject to the Constitution of the Realm of Denmark. It stipulates that it applies for all parts of the Kingdom of Denmark and that legislative, executive and judicial powers are the responsibility of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Denmark (Folketing), the Government of Denmark and the Supreme Court of Denmark. The Faroe Islands received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979. In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received "self rule", thus leaving the government of Denmark with little influence over the matters of internal affairs, that are devolved to the local governments of Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

Reference

Wikipedia, Blueballoon

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