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Emad ud-Duleh Mosque is a unique building with a special spatial location. This mosque is placed in the center of Kermanshah city, inside the traditional bazar, just in the center of the gathering place. Kermanshah is located in a border region and is accordingly a land of different beliefs, the intersection of two cultures from two neighboring countries with the presence of different religions. These features made the mosque to be a place for gathering different classes. The architecture of the building shows also for its public utility. Unlike other royal mosques of that period of time, this building has been simply constructed, mush similar to the future mosques and even the contemporary buildings of Iran. Especially it is evidence in the decorations of the courtyard that is a combination of unglazed narrow bricks and seven-color tiles. However, the prayer hall adheres to the brickwork tradition inspired by the influences of two countries. In addition, being open to different tastes, thoughts and aesthetics made the construction method of this building highly innovative that is different from the common traditions.
Emad ud-Duleh is one of the most glorious mosques of Qajar that was established inside the jewelers’ bazar, by the support of Imam Qoli Mirza Emad ud-duleh, the ruler of the west of Iran, in 1285 AH. The architectural style is four-Iwans constituted from several elements. They are: 1- façade; 2- entrance; 3- Hashti (corridor); 4- Court (central courtyard); 5- Iwan; 6- columned prayer hall; 7- watchtower; and 8-chambers and internal courtyard placed next to each other in style of a school or mosque. Hashti is a dividing space placed in the intersection of two halls. Beautiful patterns have been depicted here through applying various decorations on the ceiling and coverage like Maqeli. The surrounding chambers of the central courtyard are provided for the settlement of the students of religious sciences and according to the deed of endowment, the students can use them under special conditions and work in shops that are located inside caravanserai of Emad ud-Duleh for payment. In the northern side of the courtyard, there is a short Iwan with a watchtower on top of it and two mirrored Iwans in two west and east sides.