Elze

Description

Elze is a town in the district of Hildesheim, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the river Leine, approximately 15 km (9.3 mi) west of Hildesheim. The municipality of Elze also comprises the villages of Esbeck, Mehle, Sehlde, Sorsum, Wittenburg and Wülfingen.

Elze is one of the oldest settlement in the area, as its name stems from Latin: aula caesaris, a castle of Charlemagne which he had established about 800 in the Saxon estates after his victory over duke Widukind in the Saxon Wars. The emperor also founded a missionary diocese here, dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul which became the origin of the Bishopric of Hildesheim. King Louis the Pious relocated the episcopal see to Hildesheim in 815, however the Lutheran parish church is still devoted to Peter and Paul and the saints are also depicted in the town's coat of arms.
The village of Wittenburg is the site of a former Augustininan canons regular monastery, established in the 14th century in the place of a former castle, maybe erected by members of the Billung dynasty as early as 805. The abbey decayed in the course of the Protestant Reformation, while the Gothic monastery church is preserved.
In 1856 the Kingdom of Hanover opened the Hanoverian Southern Railway (Hannöversche Südbahn) from Hanover to Kassel with a station in Elze. After the annexation by Prussia in 1866, the town became an important railway junction with the building of the Elze–Löhne railway (Weserbahn) to Löhne in Westphalia by entrepreneur Bethel Henry Strousberg, finished in 1875. Elze is also the junction of the Bundesstraße 1 and Bundesstraße 3 federal highways.

Reference

Wikipedia, Blueballoon

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Alfeld

Walsrode

Bergen

Leer

Hitzacker

Göttingen

Damme

Clausthal-Zellerfeld

Celle

Buxtehude

Brake

Sarstedt

Bad Nenndorf

Bad Pyrmont

Bassum

Bremervörde

Brunswick

Burgdorf

Burgwedel

Bückeburg

Cloppenburg

Dannenberg (Elbe)

Diepholz

Eschershausen

Geestland

Gehrden

Georgsmarienhütte

Gronau (Leine)

Hamelin

Hanover

Hardegsen

Haren

Haselünne

Hemmingen

Hemmoor

Holzminden

Langelsheim

Lehrte

Lingen

Lüneburg

Melle

Meppen

Moringen

Nienburg/Weser

Nordhorn

Osnabrück

Osterholz-Scharmbeck

Osterode am Harz

Otterndorf

Rotenburg an der Wümme

Sachsenhagen

Springe

Stade

Stadthagen

Stadtoldendorf

Sulingen

Syke

Uslar

Varel

Visselhövede

Weener

Werlte

Winsen

Wittingen

Wolfenbüttel

Wunstorf

Wustrow

Duderstadt

Königslutter am Elm

Laatzen

Seesen

Langenhagen

Bad Bentheim

Soltau

Lohne

Löningen

Aurich

Wolfsburg

Wittmund

Munster, Lower Saxony

Westerstede

Obernkirchen

Oldenburg

Twistringen

Wildeshausen

Wilhelmshaven

Bersenbrück

Bodenwerder

Bramsche

Braunlage

Papenburg

Quakenbrück

Bad Lauterberg im Harz

Bad Iburg

Bad Harzburg

Cuxhaven

Dassel

Delmenhorst

Einbeck

Elsfleth

Emden

Rodenberg

Esens, Lower Saxony

Freren

Vechta

Verden (Aller)

Gifhorn

Bad Fallingbostel

Hann. Münden

Schnackenburg

Schneverdingen

Schortens

Herzberg am Harz

Hessisch Oldendorf

Jever

Schöppenstedt

Schüttorf

Bockenem

Dissen am Teutoburger Wald

Hildesheim

Bad Bevensen

Seelze

Hoya

Borkum

Bad Münder am Deister

Dransfeld

Helmstedt

Garbsen

Pattensen

Sehnde

Peine

Ronnenberg

Salzgitter

Lüchow

Zeven

Rehburg-Loccum

Schöningen

Achim

Rethem (Aller)

Neuenhaus

Neuenkirchen-Vörden

Neustadt am Rübenberge

Goslar

Norden

Nordenham

Norderney

Wiesmoor

Northeim

Bad Gandersheim

Rhede (Ems)

Friesoythe

Uelzen

Fürstenau

Bad Salzdetfurth

Baltrum

Barsinghausen

Rinteln

Bad Sachsa

Dinklage

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