British Columbia

Description

British Columbia (BC) is the westernmost province in Canada, between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.1 million as of 2020, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies. The largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, and the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371 (about 2.5 million of whom were in Greater Vancouver). The province is currently governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan with a majority government.
The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866) was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", and "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, and designed the first version of the coat of arms of British Columbia. Port Moody is named after him.In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, and Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada. Its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu ("Splendour without Diminishment"). British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871. First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, and the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia.

Reference

Wikipedia, Blueballoon

Author

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New Westminster

View Royal

Salmon Arm

Prince Rupert

Whistler

Princess Royal Island

Vancouver Island

Victoria

Vernon

Armstrong

Port McNeill

Port Moody

Powell River

Central Saanich

Kamloops

Kelowna

Kimberley, British Columbia

Ladysmith

Enderby

Fernie

Rossland

Abbotsford

Lillooet

Belcarra

Sechelt, British Columbia

Sidney

Smithers

Sooke

Bennett

Summerland

Colwood

Tahsis

Terrace

Merritt

Trail

Golden

Cache Creek

Valemount

Nelson

Wales Island

West Kelowna

Williams Lake

North Saanich

Yale, British Columbia

Oliver

Coquitlam

Osoyoos

Courtenay

Campbell River

Pemberton

Creston

Pitt Meadows

Cascade City

Port Alice

Sayward

Stewart, British Columbia

Surrey

Tofino

Tête Jaune Cache, British Columbia

Ucluelet

Vancouver

Vanderhoof, British Columbia

Wynndel

100 Mile House

Zeballos

Ainsworth Hot Springs

Anmore

Ashcroft

Barriere, British Columbia

Beaverdell, British Columbia

Bowen Island

Bridge Lake, British Columbia

Burnaby

Burns Lake

Castlegar

Chetwynd, British Columbia

Chilliwack

Clinton

Comox, British Columbia

Cranbrook

Cumberland

Dawson Creek

Duncan

Fort Langley, British Columbia

Fort St. John

Gibsons

Gold River

Graham Island

Grand Forks

Greenwood, British Columbia

Harrison Hot Springs

Hazelton

Houston, British Columbia

Invermere

Iskut, British Columbia

Lake Cowichan

Langford

Langley

Lions Bay

Lytton

Maple Ridge

Metrotown

Nanaimo

North Vancouver

Parksville

Peachland

Penticton

Port Alberni

Port Douglas, British Columbia

Prince George

Princeton

Qualicum Beach

Quesnel

Radium Hot Springs

Revelstoke

Richmond

Royston, British Columbia

Salt Spring Island

Weather & location

overcast clouds

8.4 °C

0.25 meter/sec, 15°

97%

light rain

8.63 °C

1.8 meter/sec, 130°

96%

light rain

8.39 °C

1.75 meter/sec, 163°

95%

light rain

10.42 °C

1.41 meter/sec, 179°

82%

light rain

11.74 °C

3.18 meter/sec, 177°

69%

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