Alberta () is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 people as of the 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces. Alberta's area is approximately 660,000 square kilometres (250,000 sq mi). Alberta is bordered by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U.S. state. It is also one of only two landlocked provinces in the country. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province; it is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries. About 290 km (180 mi) south of Edmonton is Calgary, the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton anchor Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, which each have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations.Indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Alberta for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Alberta and Saskatchewan were originally districts of the Northwest Territories, but became provinces on September 1, 1905. Key economic sectors in Alberta include energy and clean technology, agriculture, and petrochemicals. The oil industry has been a pillar of Alberta's economy since 1947, when substantial oil deposits were discovered at Leduc No. 1 well. Alberta's current Premier is Jason Kenney of the United Conservative Party, which holds a majority in the Alberta Legislative Assembly.Tourist destinations in the province include: Banff, Canmore, Drumheller, Jasper, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is home to six UNESCO World Heritage Sites: The Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, Dinosaur Provincial Park, the Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, Waterton–Glacier International Peace Park, Wood Buffalo National Park, and Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai'pi. The province has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year; but seasonal temperature average swings are smaller than in areas further east, due to winters being warmed by occasional chinook winds bringing sudden warming.


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